The mission accomplished and pending tasks of Democracy by Ricardo Alfonsin
It’s 30th anniversary of the election in which Argentina recovered democracy, with the triumph of radicalism formula and massive mobilization of all citizens and political parties.
Let’s put that in context, October 30, 1983. The Argentina came, and the radical candidate emphasized at every one of his speeches, 50 years of constant raids of the military party, which took power through force of arms as it didn’t reach the polls.
The difficulty of popular movements in Argentina to resolve differences within the institutions of the Republic and democracy was the ideal breeding ground for the coup that struck us since 1930 and was the huge setback collective of our Nation.
We came then to 1983 with the need for the dictatorship to end (the most ferocious of all) and never have another one any more. And that was the great challenge of Raul Alfonsin government. None of the other problems of Argentina could be solved without first rooted and ended up with this bad of choice by authoritarianism, which made every constitutional government military government succeed him, pulling down the building of the Republic, the State of law and in many cases, social advances.
And therein lies the major achievement of the first government of the democratic transition: to become the government happened in another political party elected in the polls by the people. Seen from democratic normality of our days, it seems little, but the task was Herculean.
To end the choice of the coup, we had to do Memory and Justice for the crimes of the dictatorship, even when 40 % of the country had voted for the political party that advocated military self-amnesty, the military retained its power intact fire and the issue of human rights was not a common cause of society.